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M4i高速デジタイザ

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M4i.22xx 8ビット、1.25GS/s, 2.5GS/s, 5GS/s、1~4チャネル

1/2/4チャネル
入力抵抗  50Ω
チャネル毎に独立した8ビットADおよびアンプ
全チャネル同時サンプリング
4入力レンジ:±200mV~±2.5 V ( ±40mV~±500mV )
入力オフセット: ±200%
トリガ:ウィンドウ、OR/AND
測定モード:シングルショット、Streaming、マルチレコード、ゲートレコード、
ABA、Time Stamp
PCとの接続:PCIe Gen2 x8

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ドキュメント名 M4i高速デジタイザ
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オシロスコープとデジタイザはどう違う?【ハンドブック】 ver3
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株式会社エレクトロニカ IMT事業部

SPECTRUM INSTRUMENTATION
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株式会社エレクトロニカ IMT事業部

デジタイザとは?<オシロスコープとの比較>
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株式会社エレクトロニカ IMT事業部

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M4i高速デジタイザ M4i.22xx 8ビット、1.25GS/s, 2.5GS/s, 5GS/s、1~4チャネル FPGAにより主な演算機能 オプション:ブロックアベレージ ピーク検出 1/2/4チャネル 入力抵抗 50Ω チャネル毎に独立した8ビットADおよびアンプ 全チャネル同時サンプリング 4入力レンジ:±200mV~±2.5 V ( ±40mV~±500mV ) 入力オフセット:±200% トリガ:ウィンドウ、OR/AND 測定モード:シングルショット、Streaming、マルチレコード、ゲートレコード、 ABA、Time Stamp PCとの接続:PCIe Gen2 x8 製品名 分解能 入力チャネル サンプリングレート 帯域 M4i.2210-x8 8 1 1.25GS/s 500MHz M4i.2211-x8 8 2 1.25GS/s 500MHz M4i.2212-x8 8 4 1.25GS/s 500MHz M4i.2220-x8 8 1 2.5GS/s 1.5GHz M4i.2223-x8 8 2 2.5GS/s(1チャネル) 1.5GHz 1.25GS/s(2チャネル) M4i.2221-x8 8 2 2.5GS/s 1.5GHz M4i.2230-x8 8 1 5GS/s 1.5GHz M4i.2233-x8 8 2 5GS/s(1チャネル) 1.5GHz 2.5GS/s(2チャネル) M4i.2234-x8 8 4 5GS/s(1チャネル) 1.5GHz 2.5GS/s(2チャネル) 1.25GS/s(4チャネル)
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M4i.22xx-x8 - 8 bit Digitizer up to 5 GS/s • 5 GS/s on one channel • 2.5 GS/s on two channels Speed SNR ENOB5 GS/s >44.5 dB >7.1 bit • 1.25 GS/s on four channels 2.5 GS/s >45.6 dB >7.3 bit • up to 1.5 GHz bandwidth 1.25 GS/s >46.9 dB >7.5 bit • Ultra Fast PCI Express x8 Gen 2 interface • Simultaneously sampling on all channels FPGA Options: • 4 input ranges: ±200 mV up to ±2.5 V • Block Average up to 128k • Low voltage input range option ±40 mV up to ±500 mV • Block Statistics/Peak Detect • Programmable input offset of ±200% • 4 GSample on-board memory • Window, re-arm, OR/AND trigger • Synchronization of up to 8 cards per system • Features: Single-Shot, Streaming, Multiple Recording, Gated Sam- pling, ABA, Timestamps • Direct data transfer to CUDA GPU using SCAPP optio • PCIe x8 Gen 2 Interface • Works with x8/x16* PCIe slots • Sustained streaming mode more than 3.4 GB/s** Operating Systems Recommended Software Drivers • Windows 7 (SP1), 8, 10 • Visual C++, C++ Builder, Delphi • MATLAB • Linux Kernel 2.6, 3.x, 4.x GNU C++, VB.NET, C#, J#, Java, • LabVIEW • Windows/Linux 32 and 64 bit Python • LabWindows/CVI • SBench 6 • IVI Model Bandwidth 1 channel 2 channels 4 channels General Information M4i.2234-x8 1.5 GHz 5 GS/s 2.5 GS/s 1.25 GS/s The M4i.22xx-x8 series digitizers deliver the highest performance in M4i.2233-x8 1.5 GHz 5 GS/s 2.5 GS/s both speed and resolution. The series includes PCIe cards with either M4i.2230-x8 1.5 GHz 5 GS/s one, two or four synchronous channels. The ADCs can sample at rates M4i.2221-x8 1.5 GHz 2.5 GS/s 2.5 GS/s from 1.25 GS/s up to 5 GS/s with a maximum bandwidth of up to M4i.2223-x8 1.5 GHz 2.5 GS/s 1.25 GS/s M4i.2220-x8 1.5 GHz 2.5 GS/s 1.5 GHz. M4i.2212-x8 500 MHz 1.25 GS/s 1.25 GS/s 1.25 GS/s The digitizers feature a PCI Express x8 Gen 2 interface that offers out- M4i.2211-x8 500 MHz 1.25 GS/s 1.25 GS/s standing data streaming performance. The interface and Spectrums op- M4i.2210-x8 500 MHz 1.25 GS/s timized drivers enable data transfer rates in excess of 3.4 GB/s so that signals can be acquired, stored and analyzed at the fastest speeds. The cards are still software compatible with the drivers from earlier Spec- trum digitizers starting with M2i series. *Some x16 PCIe slots are for the use of graphic cards only and can’tbe used for other cards.**Throughput measured with a motherboard chipset supporting a TLP size of 256 bytes.SPECTRUM INSTRUMENTATION GMBH · AHRENSFELDER WEG 13-17 · 22927 GROSSHANSDORF · GERMANY 26.2.2019 PHONE: +49 (0)4102-6956-0 · FAX: +49 (0)4102-6956-66 · E-MAIL: info@spec.de · INTERNET: www.spectrum-instrumentation.com
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card and another set of CUDA parallel processing examples with easy building blocks for basic functions like filtering, averaging, Software Support data de-multiplexing, data conversion or FFT. All the software is based on C/C++ and can easily be implemented, expanded and Windows drivers modified with normal programming skills. The cards are delivered with drivers for Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 10 (32 bit and 64 bit). Programming examples for Hardware features and options Visual C++, C++ Builder, LabWindows/CVI, Delphi, Visual Basic, VB.NET, C#, J#, Python, Java and IVI are included. PCI Express x8 The M4i series cards use a PCI Express x8 Linux Drivers Gen 2 connection. They can be used in All cards are delivered with full Linux support. Pre com- PCI Express x8 and x16 slots with Gen 1, piled kernel modules are included for the most common Gen 2 or Gen 3. The maximum sustained distributions like Fedora, Suse, Ubuntu LTS or Debian. The data transfer rate is more than 3.3 Linux support includes SMP systems, 32 bit and 64 bit GByte/s (read direction) or 2.8 GByte/s (write direction) per slot. systems, versatile programming examples for GNU C++, Server motherboards often recognize PCI Express x4 connections Python as well as the possibility to get the driver sources for your in x8 slots. These slots can also be used with the M4i series cards own compilation. but with reduced data transfer rates. SBench 6 Connections A base license of SBench 6, the • The cards are equipped with SMA connectors for the easy-to-use graphical operating analog signals as well as for the external trigger and software for Spectrum cards, is in- clock input. In addition, there are five MMCX connec- cluded in the delivery. The base li- tors that are used for an additional trigger input, a cense makes it is possible to test clock output and three multi-function I/O connectors. the card, display acquired data These multi-function connectors can be individually and make some basic measure- programmed to perform different functions: ments. It's a valuable tool for • Trigger output checking the card’s performance • Status output (armed, triggered, ready, ...) and assisting with the unit’s initial • Synchronous digital inputs, being stored inside the analog data setup. The cards also come with a demo license for the SBench 6 samples professional version. This license gives the user the opportunity to • Asynchronous I/O lines test the additional features of the professional version with their hardware. The professional version contains several advanced Input Amplifier measurement functions, such as FFTs and X/Y display, import and The analog inputs can be adapt- export utilities as well as support for all acquisition modes including ed to real world signals using a data streaming. Data streaming allows the cards to continuously ac- wide variety of settings that are quire data and transfer it directly to the PC RAM or hard disk. individual for each channel. By SBench 6 has been optimized to handle data files of several using software commands one GBytes. SBench 6 runs under Windows as well as Linux (KDE, can select a matching input GNOME and Unity) operating systems. A test version of SBench 6 range and the signal offset can be compensated by programmable can be downloaded directly over the internet and can run the pro- AC coupling or offset shifting. fessional version in a simulation mode without any hardware in- stalled. Existing customers can also request a demo license for the Software selectable lowpass filter professional version from Spectrum. More details on SBench 6 can Each analog channel contains a software selectable low-pass filter be found in the SBench 6 data sheet. to limit the input bandwidth. Reducing the analog input bandwidth results in a lower total noise and can be useful especially with low Third-party products voltage input signals. Spectrum supports the most popular third-party software products such as LabVIEW, MATLAB or LabWindows/CVI. All drivers come Automatic on-board calibration with detailed documentation and working examples are included in Every channel of each card is calibrated in the factory before the the delivery. Support for other software packages, like VEE or Da- board is shipped. However, to compensate for environmental vari- syLab, can also be provided on request. ations like PC power supply, temperature and aging the software driver includes routines for automatic offset and gain calibration. SCAPP – CUDA GPU based data processing This calibration is performed on all input ranges of the "Buffered" For applications requiring path and uses a high precision onboard calibration reference. high powered signal and data processing Spectrum Digital inputs offers SCAPP (Spectrum’s This option acquires additional syn- CUDA Access for Parallel chronous digital channels phase- Processing). The SCAPP stable with the analog data. As de- SDK allows a direct link fault a maximum of 3 additional between Spectrum digitiz- digital inputs are available on the front plate of the card using the ers and CUDA based multi-purpose I/O lines. GPU cards. Once in the GPU users can harness the processing power of the GPU’s multiple (up to 5000) processing cores and large (up to 24 GB) memories. SCAPP uses an RDMA (Linux only) process to send data at the dig- itizers full PCIe transfer speed to the GPU card. The SDK includes a set of examples for interaction between the digitizer and the GPU
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Ring buffer mode ABA mode The ring buffer mode is the The ABA mode com- standard mode of all oscillo- bines slow continuous scope instruments. Digitized data recording with fast data is continuously written acquisition on trigger into a ring memory until a events. The ABA mode trigger event is detected. After the trigger, post-trigger samples are works like a slow data recorded and pre-trigger samples can also be stored. The number logger combined with a of pre-trigger samples available simply equals the total ring mem- fast digitizer. The exact ory size minus the number of post trigger samples. position of the trigger events is stored as timestamps in an extra memory. FIFO mode The FIFO or streaming mode is designed for continuous data trans- Timestamp fer between the digitizer card and the PC memory. When mounted The timestamp function in a PCI Express x8 Gen 2 interface read streaming speeds of up writes the time positions of to 3.4 GByte/s are possible. The control of the data stream is done the trigger events in an extra automatically by the driver on interrupt request basis. The complete memory. The timestamps are installed onboard memory is used to buffer the data, making the relative to the start of record- continuous streaming process extremely reliable. ing, a defined zero time, ex- ternally synchronized to a radio clock, an IRIG-B a GPS receiver. Channel trigger Using the external synchronization gives a precise time relation for The digitizers offer a wide variety of trigger modes. These include acquisitions of systems on different locations. a standard triggering mode based on a signals level and slope, like that found in most oscilloscopes. It is also possible to define a win- Firmware Option Block Average dow mode, with two trigger levels, that enables triggering when The Block Average Module im- signals enter or exit the window. Each input has its own trigger cir- proves the fidelity of noisy re- cuit which can be used to setup conditional triggers based on logi- petitive signals. Multiple cal AND/OR patterns. All trigger modes can be combined with a repetitive acquisitions with re-arming mode for accurate trigger recognition even on noisy sig- very small dead-time are accu- nals. mulated and averaged. Ran- dom noise is reduced by the External trigger input averaging process improving All boards can be triggered using up to two external analog or dig- the visibility of the repetitive signal. The complete averaging pro- ital signals. One external trigger input has two analog comparators cess is done inside the FPGA of the digitizer generating no CPU that can define an edge or window trigger, a hysteresis trigger or load at all. The amount of data is greatly decreased as well as the a rearm trigger. The other input has one comparator that can be needed transfer bandwidth is heavily reduced. used for standard edge and level triggers. Please see separate data sheet for details on the firmware option. Multiple Recording Firmware Option Block Statistics (Peak Detect) The Multiple Recording mode allows the recording of The Block Statistics and Peak several trigger events with an Detect Module implements a extremely short re-arming widely used data analysis and time. The hardware doesn’t reduction technology in hard- need to be restarted in be- ware. Each block is scanned tween. The on-board memory is divided in several segments of the for minimum and maximum same size. Each of them is filled with data if a trigger event occurs. peak and a summary includ- Pre- and posttrigger of the segments can be programmed. The num- ing minimum, maximum, aver- ber of acquired segments is only limited by the used memory and age, timestamps and position information is stored in memory. The is unlimited when using FIFO mode. complete averaging process is done inside the FPGA of the digitiz- er generating no CPU load at all. The amount of data is greatly de- creased as well as the needed transfer bandwidth is heavily Gated Sampling reduced. The Gated Sampling mode allows data recording con- Please see separate data sheet for details on the firmware option. trolled by an external gate signal. Data is only record- External clock input and output ed if the gate signal has a programmed level. In addi- Using a dedicated connector a sampling clock can be fed in from tion a pre-area before start an external system. Additionally it’s also possible to output the in- of the gate signal as well as a post area after end of the gate signal ternally used sampling clock on a separate connector to synchro- can be acquired. The number of gate segments is only limited by nize external equipment to this clock. the used memory and is unlimited when using FIFO mode. Reference clock The option to use a precise external reference clock (normally 10 MHz) is nec- essary to synchronize the instrument for high-quality measurements with external equipment (like a signal source). It’s also possible to enhance the quality of the sampling clock in this
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way. The driver automatically generates the requested sampling clock from the fed in reference clock. Star-Hub The Star-Hub is an additional module allowing the phase stable synchroniza- tion of up to 8 boards of a kind in one system. Independent of the number of boards there is no phase delay be- tween all channels. The Star-Hub dis- tributes trigger and clock information between all boards to ensure all con- nected boards are running with the same clock and trigger. All trigger sources can be combined with a logical OR allowing all channels of all cards to be the trigger source at the same time. External Amplifiers For the acquisition of extreme- ly small voltage levels with a high bandwidth a series of ex- ternal amplifiers is available. Each of the one channel am- plifiers is working with a fixed input impedance and allows - depending on the bandwidth - to select different amplifica- tion levels between x10 (20 dB) up to x1000 (60 dB). Us- ing the external amplifiers of the SPA series voltage levels in the uV and mV area can be acquired.
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Technical Data Analog Inputs Resolution 8 Bit Input Type Single-ended ADC Differential non linearity (DNL) ADC only ±0.35 LSB ADC Integral non linearity (INL) ADC only ±0.9 LSB ADC Bit Error Rate (BER) sampling rate 1.25 GS/s 10–16 Channel selection software programmable 1, 2, or 4 (maximum is model dependent) Analog Input impedance fixed 50 Ω Input Ranges (standard ranges) software programmable ±200 mV, ±500 mV, ±1 V, ±2.5 V (programmable input offset at 0%) Input Ranges (Low Voltage Option) software programmable ±40 mV, ±100 mV, ±200 mV, ±500 mV (programmable input offset at 0%) Programmable Input Offset software programmable ±200% of input range (allowing bi-polar ranges to become uni-polar) Input Coupling software programmable AC/DC Max DC voltage if AC coupling active ±30 V Offset error (full speed) after warm-up and calibration < 0.5 LSB Gain error (full speed) after warm-up and calibration < 2.0 LSB Crosstalk 20 MHz sine signal (standard ranges) ≥ ±500 mV standard range < -96 dB (all channel same input range) Crosstalk 20 MHz sine signal (standard ranges) = ±200 mV standard range < -88 dB (all channel same input range) Crosstalk 100 MHz sine signal (standard ranges) ≥ ±500 mV standard range < -78 dB (all channel same input range) Crosstalk 100 MHz sine signal (standard ranges) = ±200 mV standard range < -65 dB (all channel same input range) Over voltage protection input range (standard ranges) ±200 mV ±500 mV ±1 V ±2.5 V input range (low voltage option) ±40 mV ±100 mV ±200 mV ±500 mV max. continuous input power 22.5 dBm 27.0 dBm 27.0 dBm 27.0 dBm max. peak input voltage ±3 V ±7.5 V ±15 V ±30 V Trigger Available trigger modes software programmable Channel Trigger, External, Software, Window, Re-Arm, Or/And, Delay, PXI (M4x only) Channel trigger level resolution software programmable 8 bit Trigger engines 1 engine per channel with two individual levels, 2 external triggers Trigger edge software programmable Rising edge, falling edge or both edges Trigger delay software programmable 0 to (8GSamples - 32) = 8589934560 Samples in steps of 32 samples Multi, ABA, Gate: re-arming time 1.25 GS/s or below 80 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) 2.5 GS/s 160 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) 5 GS/s 320 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) Pretrigger at Multi, ABA, Gate, FIFO software programmable 32 up to 8192 Samples in steps of 32 Posttrigger software programmable 32 up to 16G samples in steps of 32 (defining pretrigger in standard scope mode) Memory depth software programmable 64 up to [installed memory / number of active channels] samples in steps of 32 Multiple Recording/ABA segment size software programmable 64 up to [installed memory / 2 / active channels] samples in steps of 32 Trigger accuracy (all sources) 1 sample Timestamp modes software programmable Standard, Startreset, external reference clock on X0 (e.g. PPS from GPS, IRIG-B) Data format Std., Startreset: 64 bit counter, increments with sample clock (reset manually or on start) RefClock: 24 bit upper counter (increment with RefClock) 40 bit lower counter (increments with sample clock, reset with RefClock) Extra data software programmable none, acquisition of X0/X1/X2 inputs at trigger time, trigger source (for OR trigger) Size per stamp 128 bit = 16 bytes External trigger Ext0 Ext1 External trigger impedance software programmable 50 Ω /1 kΩ 1 kΩ External trigger coupling software programmable AC or DC fixed DC External trigger type Window comparator Single level comparator External input level ±10 V (1 kΩ), ±2.5 V (50 Ω), ±10 V External trigger sensitivity 2.5% of full scale range 2.5% of full scale range = 0.5 V (minimum required signal swing) External trigger level software programmable ±10 V in steps of 1 mV ±10 V in steps of 1 mV External trigger maximum voltage ±30V ±30 V External trigger bandwidth DC 50 Ω DC to 200 MHz n.a. 1 kΩ DC to 150 MHz DC to 200 MHz External trigger bandwidth AC 50 Ω 20 kHz to 200 MHz n.a. Minimum external trigger pulse width ≥ 2 samples ≥ 2 samples
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Clock Clock Modes software programmable internal PLL, external reference clock, Star-Hub sync (M4i only), PXI Reference Clock (M4x only) Internal clock accuracy ≤ ±20 ppm Clock setup granularity divider: maximum sampling rate divided by: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, ... up to 262144 External reference clock range software programmable ≥ 10 MHz and ≤ 1.25 GHz External reference clock input impedance 50 Ω fixed External reference clock input coupling AC coupling External reference clock input edge Rising edge External reference clock input type Single-ended, sine wave or square wave External reference clock input swing 0.3 V peak-peak up to 3.0 V peak-peak External reference clock input max DC voltage ±30 V (with max 3.0 V difference between low and high level) External reference clock input duty cycle requirement 45% to 55% Clock setup granularity when using reference clock divider: maximum sampling rate divided by: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, ... up to 262144 Internal reference clock output type Single-ended, 3.3V LVPECL Internal reference clock output frequency 2.5 GHz / 64 = 39.0625 MHz Star-Hub synchronization clock modes software selectable Internal clock (standard clock mode only), External reference clock ABA mode clock divider for slow clock software programmable 16 up to (128k - 16) in steps of 16 Channel to channel skew on one card < 60 ps (typical) Skew between star-hub synchronized cards < 130 ps (typical, preliminary) M4i.223x M4i.222x M4i.221x DN2.223-xx DN2.222-xx DN2.221-xx DN2.225-xx DN6.221-xx DN6.225-xx ADC Resolution 8 bit 8 bit 8 bit max sampling clock 5 GS/s 2.5 GS/s 1.25 GS/s min sampling clock 4.768 kS/s 4.768 kS/s 4.768 kS/s lower bandwidth limit (DC coupling) 0 Hz 0 Hz 0 Hz lower bandwidth limit (AC coupling) < 30 kHz < 30 kHz < 30 kHz -3 dB bandwidth (no filter active), Standard input ranges 1.5 GHz 1.5 GHz 500 MHz- -3 dB bandwidth (no filter active), small input ranges, ir40m option installed 1.2 GHz 1.2 GHz 500 MHz- -3 dB bandwidth (BW filter active) ~400 MHz ~400 MHz ~370 MHz Block Average Signal Processing Option M4i.22xx/DN2.22x/DN6.22x Series Firmware ≥ V1.14 (since August 2015) Firmware < V1.14 Data Mode (resulting sample width) software programmable 32 bit mode 16 bit mode 32 bit mode only Minimum Waveform Length 64 samples 128 samples 64 samples Minimum Waveform Stepsize 32 samples 64 samples 32 samples Maximum Waveform Length 1 channel active 64 kSamples 128 kSamples 32 kSamples Maximum Waveform Length 2 channels active 32 kSamples 64 kSamples 16 kSamples Maximum Waveform Length 4 or more channels active 16 kSamples 32 kSamples 8 kSamples Minimum Number of Averages 2 2 4 Maximum Number of Averages 16777216 (16M) 256 16777216 (16M) Data Output Format fixed 32 bit signed integer 16 bit signed integer 32 bit signed integer Re-Arming Time between waveforms 1.25 GS/s or below 80 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) 80 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) Re-Arming Time between waveforms 2.5 GS/s 160 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) 160 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) Re-Arming Time between waveforms 5 GS/s 320 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) 320 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) Re-Arming Time between end of average to start of Depending on programmed segment length, 80/160/320 samples as above listed next average max 50 µs Block Statistics Signal Processing Option M4i.22xx/DN2.22x Series/DN6.22x Series Minimum Waveform Length 64 samples Minimum Waveform Stepsize 32 samples Maximum Waveform Length Standard Acquisition 2 GSamples / channels Maximum Waveform Length FIFO Acquisition 2 GSamples Data Output Format fixed 32 bytes statistics summary Statistics Information Set per Waveform Average, Minimum, Maximum, Position Minimum, Position Maximum, Trigger Timestamp Re-Arming Time between Segments 1.25 GS/s or below 80 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) Re-Arming Time between Segments 2.5 GS/s 160 samples (+ programmed pretrigger) Re-Arming Time between Segments 5 GS/s 320 samples (+ programmed pretrigger)
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Multi Purpose I/O lines (front-plate) Number of multi purpose lines three, named X0, X1, X2 Input: available signal types software programmable Asynchronous Digital-In, Synchronous Digital-In, Timestamp Reference Clock Input: impedance 10 kΩ to 3.3 V Input: maximum voltage level -0.5 V to +4.0 V Input: signal levels 3.3 V LVTTL Input: bandwith 125 MHz Output: available signal types software programmable Asynchronous Digital-Out, Trigger Output, Run, Arm, PLL Refclock, System Clock Output: impedance 50 Ω Output: signal levels 3.3 V LVTTL Output: type 3.3V LVTTL, TTL compatible for high impedance loads Output: drive strength Capable of driving 50 Ω loads, maximum drive strength ±48 mA Output: update rate 14bit, 16 bit ADC resolution sampling clock Output: update rate 8 bit ADC resolution Current sampling clock < 1.25 GS/s : sampling clock Current sampling clock > 1.25 GS/s and < 2.50 GS/s : ½ sampling clock Current sampling clock > 2.50 GS/s and < 5.00 GS/s : ¼ sampling clock Dynamic Parameters M4i.223x, M4x.223x and DN2.223-xx, DN2.225-xx and DN6.225-xx, 8 Bit 5 GS/s Input Path DC or AC coupled, fixed 50 Ohm Test signal frequency 10 MHz 40 MHz 70 MHz 240 MHz 600 MHz Input Range ±200 mV ±500 mV ±1 V ±2.5 V ±200 mV ±1V ±200 mV ±1V ±200 mV ±1V ±200 mV ±1V THD (typ) (dB <-60.2 dB <-60.3 dB -<60.3 dB <-60.3 dB <-58.9 dB <-58.2 dB <-58.8 dB <-58.0 dB <-54.0 dB <-54.0 dB <-45.0 dB <-46.3 dB SNR (typ) (dB) >44.5 dB >44.8 dB >44.8 dB >44.5 dB >44.7 dB >44.7 dB >44.3 dB >44.3 dB >42.9 dB >42.9 dB >40.3 dB >40.2 dB SFDR (typ), excl. harm. (dB) >53.7 dB >54.9 dB >54-9 dB >54.2 dB >50.3 dB >50.8 dB >50.2 dB >49.7 dB >49.4 dB >49.5 dB >44.3 dB >44.6 dB SFDR (typ), incl. harm. (dB) >53.7 dB >54.7 dB >54.8 dB >54.2 dB >50.3 dB >50.8 dB >50.2 dB >49.7 dB >49.4 dB >49.5 dB >44.3 dB >44.6 dB SINAD/THD+N (typ) (dB) >44.4 dB >44.7 dB >44.7 dB >44.4 dB >44.5 dB >44.4 dB >44.2 dB >44.1 dB >42.6 dB >42.6 dB >39.1 dB >39.3 dB ENOB based on SINAD (bit) >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.0 bit >6.8 bit >6.8 bit >6.2 bit >6.2 bit ENOB based on SNR (bit) >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >6.9 bit >6.9 bit >6.4 bit >6.4 bit M4i.222x, M4x.222x and DN2.222-xx, 8 Bit 2.5 GS/s Input Path DC or AC coupled, fixed 50 Ohm Test signal frequency 10 MHz 40 MHz 70 MHz 240 MHz 600 MHz Input Range ±200 mV ±500 mV ±1 V ±2.5 V ±200 mV ±1V ±200 mV ±1V ±200 mV ±1V ±200 mV ±1V THD (typ) (dB >-56.2 dB <-56.3 dB <-56.5 dB <-56.4 dB <-55.9 dB <-55.9 dB <-54.9 dB <-55.3 dB <-53.9 dB <-53.4 dB <-43.9 dB <-45.2 dB SNR (typ) (dB) >45.6 dB >45.8 dB >45.6 dB >45.5 dB >44.7 dB >44.9 dB >44.5 dB >44.6 dB >43.9 dB >44.0 dB >42.1 dB >41.9 dB SFDR (typ), excl. harm. (dB) >57.2 dB >57.3 dB >55.7 dB >55.1 dB >50.9 dB >50.5 dB >50.9 dB >50.6 dB >49.8 dB >49.0 dB >46.3 dB >45.2 dB SFDR (typ), incl. harm. (dB) >56.5 dB >56.3 dB >55.1 dB >54.5 dB >50.9 dB >50.5 dB >50.9 dB >50.6 dB >49.8 dB >49.0 dB >45.2 dB >45.2 dB SINAD/THD+N (typ) (dB) >45.2 dB >45.4 dB >45.3 dB >45.2 dB >44.4 dB >44.4 dB >44.2 dB >44.3 dB >43.5 dB >43.5 dB >39.9 dB >40.2 dB ENOB based on SINAD (bit) >7.2 bit >7.3 bit >7.2 bit >7.2 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >6.9 bit >6.9 bit >6.3 bit >6.4 bit ENOB based on SNR (bit) >7.3 bit >7.3 bit >7.3 bit >7.3 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.1 bit >7.0 bit >7.0 bit >6.7 bit >6.7 bit M4i.221x, M4x.221x, DN2.221 and DN6.221-xx, 8 Bit 1.25 GS/s - standard input ranges Input Path DC or AC coupled, fixed 50 Ohm Test signal frequency 10 MHz 40 MHz 70 MHz 240 MHz Input Range ±200 mV ±500 mV ±1 V ±2.5 V ±200 mV ±1V ±200 mV ±1V ±200 mV ±1V THD (typ) (dB <-59.0 dB <.58.9 dB <58.9 dB <59.0 dB <-53.6 dB <53.2 dB <-54.4 dB <-54.6 dB <-52.1 dB <-52.4 dB SNR (typ) (dB) >46.9 dB >47.0 dB >47.0 dB >47.0 dB >46.8 dB >47.0 dB >47.0 dB >47.0 dB >46.1 dB >46.2 dB SFDR (typ), excl. harm. (dB) >62.1 dB >62.1 dB >62.2 dB >62.0 dB >58.2 dB >59.8 dB >62.2 dB >61.9 dB >59.5 dB >58.5 dB SFDR (typ), incl. harm. (dB) >60.7 dB >60.4 dB >60.5 dB >60.4 dB > 56.1 dB >56.2 dB > 57.7 dB >57.6 dB >52.5 dB >52.7 dB SINAD/THD+N (typ) (dB) >46.6 dB >46.7 dB >46.7 dB >46.7 dB >46.0 dB >46.1 dB >46.3 dB >46.3 dB >45.1 dB >45.3 dB ENOB based on SINAD (bit) >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.4 bit >7.4 bit >7.4 bit >7.4 bit >7.2 bit >7.2 bit ENOB based on SNR (bit) >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.5 bit >7.3 bit >7.4 bit M4i.221x, M4x.221x and DN2.221-xx, 8 Bit 1.25 GS/s - low voltage input ranges Input Path DC or AC coupled, fixed 50 Ohm Test signal frequency 10 MHz 40 MHz 70 MHz 240 MHz Input Range ±40 mV ±100 mV ±200 mV ±500 vV ±40 mV ±100 mV ±40 mV ±100 mV ±40 mV ±100 mV THD (typ) (dB <-57.0 dB <.57.0 dB <.57.1 dB <.57.2 dB SNR (typ) (dB) >44.0 dB >44.9 dB >44.9 dB >44.9 dB SFDR (typ), excl. harm. (dB) >62.1 dB >62.1 dB >62.1 dB >62.2 dB SFDR (typ), incl. harm. (dB) >60.1 dB >60.2 dB >60.2 dB >60.4 dB SINAD/THD+N (typ) (dB) >44.0 dB >44.8 dB >44.8 dB >44.8 dB ENOB based on SINAD (bit) >7.0 bit >7.2 bit >7.2 bit >7.2 bit ENOB based on SNR (bit) >7.0 bit >7.2 bit >7.2 bit >7.2 bit Dynamic parameters are measured at ±1 V input range (if no other range is stated) and 50Ω termination with the samplerate specified in the table. Measured parameters are averaged 20 times to get typical values. Test signal is a pure sine wave generated by a signal generator and a matching bandpass filter. Amplitude is >99% of FSR. SNR and RMS noise parameters may differ depending on the quality of the used PC. SNR = Signal to Noise Ratio, THD = Total Harmonic Distortion, SFDR = Spurious Free Dynamic Range, SINAD = Signal Noise and Dis- tortion, ENOB = Effective Number of Bits.
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RMS Noise Level (Zero Noise) M4i.223x, M4x.223x and DN2.223-xx, DN2.225-xx, DN6.225-xx, 8 Bit 5 GS/s Input Range ±200 mV ±500 mV ±1 ±2.5 V Voltage resolution (1 LSB) 1.6 mV 3.9 mV 7.8 mV 19.5 mV DC, fixed 50 Ω, typical <0.3 LSB <0.5 mV <0.3 LSB <1.2 mV <0.3 LSB <2.3 mV <0.3 LSB <5.9 mV DC, fixed 50 Ω, maximum <0.6 LSB <0.9 mV <0.6 LSB <2.3 mV <0.5 LSB <4.7 mV <0.5 LSB <11.7 mV M4i.222x, M4x.222x and DN2.222-xx, 8 Bit 2.5 GS/s Input Range ±200 mV ±500 mV ±1 ±2.5 V Voltage resolution (1 LSB) 1.6 mV 3.9 mV 7.8 mV 19.5 mV DC, fixed 50 Ω, typical <0.3 LSB <0.5 mV <0.3 LSB <1.2 mV <0.3 LSB <2.3 mV <0.3 LSB <5.9 mV DC, fixed 50 Ω, maximum <0.6 LSB <0.9 mV <0.7 LSB <2.7 mV <0.5 LSB <4.7 mV <0.5 LSB <11.7 mV Standard Version M4i.221x, M4x.221x and DN2.221-xx, 8 Bit 1.25 GS/s Input Range ±200 mV ±500 mV ±1 ±2.5 V Voltage resolution (1 LSB) 1.6 mV 3.9 mV 7.8 mV 19.5 mV DC, fixed 50 Ω, typical <0.2 LSB <0.3 mV <0.2 LSB <0.8 mV <0.2 LSB <1.6 mV <0.2 LSB <3.9 mV DC, fixed 50 Ω, maximum <0.3 LSB <0.5 mV <0.3 LSB <1.2 mV <0.3 LSB <2.3 mV <0.3 LSB <5.9 mV Low Voltage Version M4i.221x, M4x.221x and DN2.221-xx, 8 Bit 1.25 GS/s Input Range ±40 mV ±100 mV ±200 mV ±500 mV Voltage resolution (1 LSB) 0.3 mV 0.8 mV 1.6 mV 3.9 mV DC, fixed 50 Ω, typical <0.4 LSB <0.2 mV <0.4 LSB <0.3 mV <0.4 LSB <0.6 mV <0.4 LSB <1.6 mV DC, fixed 50 Ω, maximum <0.5 LSB <0.2 mV <0.5 LSB <0.4 mV <0.5 LSB <0.8 mV <0.5 LSB <2.0 mV Connectors Analog Inputs/Analog Outputs SMA female (one for each single-ended input) Cable-Type: Cab-3mA-xx-xx Trigger 0 Input SMA female Cable-Type: Cab-3mA-xx-xx Clock Input SMA female Cable-Type: Cab-3mA-xx-xx Trigger 1 Input MMCX female Cable-Type: Cab-1m-xx-xx Clock Output MMCX female Cable-Type: Cab-1m-xx-xx Multi Purpose I/O MMCX female (3 lines) Cable-Type: Cab-1m-xx-xx Environmental and Physical Details Dimension (Single Card) 241 mm (¾ PCIe length) x 107 mm x 20 mm (single slot width) Dimension (Card with option SH8tm installed) 241 mm (¾ PCIe length) x 107 mm x 40 mm (double slot width) Dimension (Card with option SH8ex installed) 312 mm (full PCIe length) x 107 mm x 20 mm (single slot width) Weight (M4i.44xx series) maximum 290 g Weight (M4i.22xx, M4i.66xx, M4i.77xx series) maximum 420 g Weight (Option star-hub -sh8ex, -sh8tm) including 8 sync cables 130 g Warm up time 10 minutes Operating temperature 0°C to 50°C Storage temperature -10°C to 70°C Humidity 10% to 90% PCI Express specific details PCIe slot type x8 Generation 2 PCIe slot compatibility (physical) x8/x16 PCIe slot compatibility (electrical) x1, x4, x8, x16, Generation 1, Generation 2, Generation 3 Sustained streaming mode > 3.4 GB/s (measured with a chipset supporting a TLP size of 256 bytes, using PCIe x8 Gen2) (Card-to-System: M4i.22xx, M4i.44xx, M4i.77xx) Sustained streaming mode > 2.8 GB/s (measured with a chipset supporting a TLP size of 256 bytes, using PCIe x8 Gen2) (System-to-Card: M4i.66xx) Certification, Compliance, Warranty EMC Immunity Compliant with CE Mark EMC Emission Compliant with CE Mark Product warranty 5 years starting with the day of delivery Software and firmware updates Life-time, free of charge
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Power Consumption PCI EXPRESS 3.3V 12 V Total M4i.2230-x8, M4i.2220-x8, M4i.2210-x8 0.2 A 2.6 A 32 W M4i.2233-x8, M4i.2221-x8, 0.2 A 2.7 A 33 W M4i.2223-x8, M4i.2211-x8 M4i.2234-x8, M4i.2212-x8 0.2 A 2.9 A 35 W MTBF MTBF 100000 hours Hardware block diagram
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Order Information The card is delivered with 4 GSample on-board memory and supports standard acquisition (Scope), FIFO acquisition (streaming), Multiple Recording, Gated Sampling, ABA mode and Timestamps. Operating system drivers for Windows/Linux 32 bit and 64 bit, examples for C/C++, LabVIEW (Windows), MATLAB (Windows and Linux), LabWindows/CVI, IVI, .NET, Delphi, Java, Python and a Base license of the oscilloscope software SBench 6 are included. Drivers for other 3rd party products like VEE or DASYLab may be available on request. Adapter cables are not included. Please order separately! PCI Express x8 Order no. Bandwidth Bandwidth Standard mem 1 channel 2 channels 4 channels Standard ir40m option M4i.2210-x8 500 MHz 500 MHz 4 GSample 1.25 GS/s M4i.2211-x8 500 MHz 500 MHz 4 GSample 1.25 GS/s 1.25 GS/s M4i.2212-x8 500 MHz 500 MHz 4 GSample 1.25 GS/s 1.25 GS/s 1.25 GS/s M4i.2220-x8 1.5 GHz 1.2 GHz 4 GSample 2.5 GS/s M4i.2223-x8 1.5 GHz 1.2 GHz 4 GSample 2.5 GS/s 1.25 GS/s M4i.2221-x8 1.5 GHz 1.2 GHz 4 GSample 2.5 GS/s 2.5 GS/s M4i.2230-x8 1.5 GHz 1.2 GHz 4 GSample 5 GS/s M4i.2233-x8 1.5 GHz 1.2 GHz 4 GSample 5 GS/s 2.5 GS/s M4i.2234-x8 1.5 GHz 1.2 GHz 4 GSample 5 GS/s 2.5 GS/s 1.25 GS/s Options Order no. Option M4i.22xx-ir40m Low voltage input range option for 22xx series. 4 Input ranges with ±40 mV, ±100 mV, ±200 mV, ±500 mV, bandwidth limited. Options Order no. Option M4i.xxxx-SH8ex (1) Synchronization Star-Hub for up to 8 cards (extension), only one slot width, extension of the card to full PCI Express length (312 mm). 8 synchronization cables included. M4i.xxxx-SH8tm (1) Synchronization Star-Hub for up to 8 cards (top mount), two slots width, top mounted on card. 8 syn- chronization cables included. M4i-upgrade Upgrade for M4i.xxxx: Later installation of option Star-Hub Firmware Options Order no. Option M4i.xxxx--spavg Signal Processing Firmware Option: Block Average (later firmware - upgrade available) M4i.xxxx-spstat Signal Processing Firmware Option: Block Statistics/Peak Detect (later firmware - upgrade available) Services Order no. Recal Recalibration at Spectrum incl. calibration protocol Standard Cables Order no. for Connections Length to BNC male to BNC female to SMA male to SMA female to SMB female Analog/Clock-In/Trig-In 80 cm Cab-3mA-9m-80 Cab-3mA-9f-80 Analog/Clock-In/Trig-In 200 cm Cab-3mA-9m-200 Cab-3mA-9f-200 Probes (short) 5 cm Cab-3mA-9f-5 Clk-Out/Trig-Out/Extra 80 cm Cab-1m-9m-80 Cab-1m-9f-80 Cab-1m-3mA-80 Cab-1m-3fA-80 Cab-1m-3f-80 Clk-Out/Trig-Out/Extra 200 cm Cab-1m-9m-200 Cab-1m-9f200 Cab-1m-3mA-200 Cab-1m-3fA-200 Cab-1m-3f-200 Information The standard adapter cables are based on RG174 cables and have a nominal attenuation of 0.3 dB/m at 100 MHz and 0.5 dB/m at 250 MHz. For high speed signals we recommend the low loss cables series CHF Low Loss Cables Order No. Option CHF-3mA-3mA-200 Low loss cables SMA male to SMA male 200 cm CHF-3mA-9m-200 Low loss cables SMA male to BNC male 200 cm Information The low loss adapter cables are based on MF141 cables and have an attenuation of 0.3 dB/m at 500 MHz and 0.5 dB/m at 1.5 GHz. They are recommended for signal frequencies of 200 MHz and above. Amplifiers Order no. Bandwidth Connection Input Impedance Coupling Amplification SPA.1841 (2) 2 GHz SMA 50 Ohm AC x100 (40 dB) SPA.1801 (2) 2 GHz SMA 50 Ohm AC x10 (20 dB) SPA.1601 (2) 500 MHz BNC 50 Ohm DC x10 (20 dB) Information External Amplifiers with one channel, BNC/SMA female connections on input and output, manually adjustable offset, man- ually switchable settings. An external power supply for 100 to 240 VAC is included. Please be sure to order an adapter cable matching the amplifier connector type and matching the connector type for your A/D card input. Software SBench6 Order no. SBench6 Base version included in delivery. Supports standard mode for one card. SBench6-Pro Professional version for one card: FIFO mode, export/import, calculation functions SBench6-Multi Option multiple cards: Needs SBench6-Pro. Handles multiple synchronized cards in one system. Volume Licenses Please ask Spectrum for details. Software Options Order no. SPc-RServer Remote Server Software Package - LAN remote access for M2i/M3i/M4i/M4x/M2p cards SPc-SCAPP Spectrum’s CUDA Access for Parallel Processing - SDK for direct data transfer between Spectrum card and CUDA GPU. Includes RDMA activation and examples. Signed NDA needed for access. (1) : Just one of the options can be installed on a card at a time. (2) : Third party product with warranty differing from our export conditions. No volume rebate possible. Technical changes and printing errors possible SBench, digitizerNETBOX and generatorNETBOX are registered trademarks of Spectrum Instrumentation GmbH. Microsoft, Visual C++, Windows, Windows 98, Windows NT, Window 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 10 are trademarks/registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. LabVIEW, DASYLab, Diadem and LabWindows/CVI are trademarks/registered trademarks of National Instruments Corporation. MATLAB is a trademark/registered trademark of The Mathworks, Inc. Delphi and C++Builder are trademarks/registered trademarks of Embarcadero Technologies, Inc. Keysight VEE, VEE Pro and VEE OneLab are trademarks/registered trademarks of Keysight Technologies, Inc. FlexPro is a registered trademark of Weisang GmbH & Co. KG. PCIe, PCI Express and PCI-X and PCI-SIG are trademarks of PCI-SIG. LXI is a registered trademark of the LXI Consortium. PICMG and CompactPCI are trademarks of the PCI Industrial Computation Manufacturers Group. Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Intel and Intel Xeon
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are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation. AMD and Opteron are trademarks or registered trademarks of Advanced Micro Devices. NVIDIA, CUDA, GeForce, Quadro and Tesla are trademarks/registered trademarks of NVIDIA Corporation.