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SPECTRUM INSTRUMENTATION

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Perfect fit-modular designed solutions

ドイツSPECTRUMの社 デジタイザ、AWG、DIOの総合メーカ
◆特徴
省スペース/収集データを高速にPCに転送:PCに装着(PCIeインターフェース)或いは、PCとLAN接続(NETBOX)PCオシロ:手持ちのPCがオシロスコープに!
◆主な機能
デジタイザ:サンプリング速度:10kS/s〜5GS/s
分解能:8ビット〜16ビット
チャンネル数:1,2,4,8,16〜48
豊富な解析機能(SBench6)
AWG:箱型と比較して安価

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30 S P E C T R U MI N S T R U M E N T A T I O NPer fec t f i t – modu la r des igned so lu t ionsYEARS 2020 Digitizers | Transient Recorders | Arbitrary Waveform Generators | Digital Waveform Acquisition Cards for PCI Express, PXI Express and LXI / Ethernet
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30 years of Spectrum 3
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4 Prefaces ................................................................................ Dear Business Partners and Friends, This hot-off-the-press catalog that you're holding is our anniversary edition, so to say, as we are celebrating 30 years of Spectrum in 2019. For me as founder and managing director, a look back over the years is reason for rejoicing. There is great pleasure in seeing that the company has remained on the road to success over a long period – with growth in the double- digit percentage range in the past seven years and a world wide sales network representing us in 39 countries. I also derive pleasure from the team of employees who have made this success possible by sharing and living the values on which our company is founded. To them I give special thanks for their engagement. Finally, there’s pleasure in knowing that staying true to personal values and convictions as the basis for managing a company not only contributes to individual satisfaction, but also leads to economic success. Continuity, customer orientation, quality and moderate organic growth are the basis for our work. We maintain long-term relationships to customers, distributors and vendors; the oldest contacts go back to the early 1990s and still exist today! To the delight of our custo- mers, our products are available over a long time, which is highly unusual in our industry. We recently set a new standard in our line of business by extending the product warranty to five years. Today, after 30 years, I can say that our way of working has proven to be effective and our labors have continuously borne fruit. We are well equipped for the future, having modernized and expanded our production department in terms of efficiency, ergonomics and job creation, and will continue to pursue our solid course. For your loyalty and attachment to our company I give you my heartfelt thanks. We are and will remain the reliable partner at your side. Yours, Gisela Hassler Managing Director Expansion – Move to new Office building First Modular PCI Cards Spectrum founded First ISA Card 8 Bit 200 MS/s First Waveform First PCI First 12 Bit PXI and cPCI Digitizer Generator DAQ Card Digital I/O 200 MS/s Cards Card Card Digitizer 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
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......................................................................................... 5 Dear Valued Customer, Spectrum has seen a lot of change in the past 30 years. What has remained the same since 1995 when I started as a software developer (and fourth employee) is the company's focus on customer success and long-term partnerships. In fact, some of today's customers and distribution partners have been working with Spectrum since the early days. In 2000 after her co-founder left the company, Gisela Hassler, CEO and founder of Spectrum, put her trust in me and appointed me technical director. That was a big personal step and the start of the modular instrumentation concept that is still the basis for all pro- ducts today. The idea was to split the product into several modules which also are used in other products. That allowed us to launch different digitizers based on the same carrier card. Years later the concept was summed up in the marketing phrase “Perfect fit, modular designed solutions”. The high variety of products with different channel configurations, speed grades and options allows the customer to select the perfect fit. With the growth of the company my job changed from software to hardware engineer, to technical director, sales manager and organizer. Nowadays a product design is the joint success of a full team of enthusiastic engineers, with manufacturing handled by a precision-minded production team and sales/export managed by a versatile office team. Low staff turnover and years of service have allowed Spectrum to build up a great base of experience and knowledge. When people visit Spectrum they always tell us that we look more like a big family than a company. Everybody contributes what is possible and looks for ways to make improvements. That leads to very high quality products, support and customer relations. With the new M2p series released in 2018 and 2019, the last product was discontinued which I personally designed sometime back in 2003. When I started at Spectrum I had no idea how the company would look after 30 years on the market. Back then a large order led to hours or days of hand-soldering by everybody. Today our fully organized production line with automatic tests and measurements out- puts products of the highest quality. Now I'm looking forward to the coming years, the new products we've planned and future improvements to the company. Yours Sincerely, Oliver Rovini Technical Director M4x PXIe cards Released First First digitizerNETBOX First AWG 30 Years PCIe Cards 1 GS/s Card Released with 1.25 GS/s SPECTRUM M2i Series SBench 6 First PCIe x8 M2p Series Released Released Gen2 Released Digitizer 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
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6 History ................................................................................... 1989 2008 SPECTRUM was founded by Gisela Hassler and Michael Janz SBench 6 measurement software was introduced. The software is with the business objective of developing custom-built instru- intuitive to use for comfortable and fast data acquisition and mentation. They started developing an own product line and analysis of GByte of analog and digital data in addition to its created the first ISA card in 1991. This digitizer card with 50 MHz powerful export and report functions. SBench 6 quickly became and 8 bit called "PAD52" was sold for 17 years until 2008! Many a very popular tool. other ISA digitizers and the first Arbitrary-Waveform-Generator- cards followed in the next years. 2009 In the year 2009, the M3i series was introduced, starting with a 500 MS/s digitizer and followed by a digitizer card reaching 1 GS/s speed a year later. Meanwhile, the cards of the MI and M2i series were successfully sold around the world, being used in many companies, universities and for many OEM products. All three series formed a range of 320 different products! 2011 1996 SPECTRUM delivered 140 digitizer cards to CERN. Since then, SPECTRUM created its first 12 bit digitizer card for the new bus they are used to control the Beam Dumping System of the LHC, standard PCI with a sampling rate of 80 MS/s. Many other PCI the largest particle accelerator in the world. based cards followed. 2000 and 2001 Oliver Rovini, who joined the company in 1995 as a software engineer, takes over the position of the Technical Manager after founder Michael Janz left the company. It was Oliver's idea to build modular PCI products, consisting of the same platform card and several different modules. This quickly led to a large range of digitizers, AWGs and digital I/O boards. 2013 To support the growing business in Asia, Spectrum appointed Gregory Tate as Asian Business Manager. Greg has 30 years of experience in electronics and a deep knowledge of digitizer tech- nology, modular instrumentation and their applications in the 2004 Asian market. Based on the existing MI series and with the benefit of the A totally new product group was launched, the "digitizerNET- modular system, a complete range of CompactPCI and PXI cards BOX". This stand-alone unit contains two Spectrum digitizers were launched. cards, offering up to 16 fully synchronized data acquisition chan- Second, SPECTRUM introduced the M2i series, the successor of nels in one small box with fully remote control via Ethernet/LXI the MI cards with a better interface, more memory and more from any PC or network. features. From 2000 to 2004, thanks to the modular system, the number of different products grew from 18 to 170! And third, in April the company moved to a much larger building with special areas for the development, production and office. 2007 All 90 cards of the M2i-series became available as PCI Express version – the latest bus standard for PC based systems.
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........... ............................................ 7 2018 Spectrum launched a new series called "M2p", with the PCIe platform board being only 168 mm in length, with many diffe- rent modules forming digitizers and AWGs in the range of 5 MS/s 2014 to 125 MS/s with up to 8 channels on a single card. SPECTRUM released the M4i series with 5 GS/s sampling speed! These very fast cards opened new application areas down into the sub-nanosecond range. 2015 In the beginning of this year, SPECTRUM opened its own US of fice caring for the growing US market and the increasing num- ber of manufacturing representatives. In over 30 other countries, Spectrum already announced distributors to enhance the global 2019 sales. With the release of the M2p AWG Spectrum finished the repla- cement of the older product ranges MI, M2i and M3i and now The new M4i series was extended with Arbitrary Waveform has a modern range of nearly 200 instrumentation products, all Generators offering up to 1.25 GS/s of data generation rate. designed within the last 5 years. The more than 400 obsolete products are still in production for existing customers to allow a smooth replacement inside the various projects. 6. December 2019 – 30th Anniversary In 30 years, SPECTRUM was able to gain customers all around the world, including many A-brand industry-leaders, as well as 100’s of different universities and research institutes. Spectrum digitizers and AWGs are used in world-leading R&D projects, like a 256-channel digitizer system which helps the 2016 British company FLF to build a fusion reactor within 4 years. Spectrum released PXIe version of all its fast M4i-series Digiti- zers and AWGs. The PXIe cards share the same driver interface and are 100 % software compatible to the PCIe cards. Also, the larger version of the digitizerNETBOX was introduced: Containing up to 6 Spectrum cards, this stand-alone unit offers up to 48 synchronous channels in one 19" chassis with total remote control via Ethernet/LXI. 2017 Since the beginning, all Spectrum products are completely de - signed, built and tested in Germany showing an extremely low Mi-series failure rate, so SPECTRUM increased the warranty for their 2000 products from 2 years to industry-leading 5 years. M2i-series The quality of Spectrum cards can be seen e.g. at DESY in Ham- 2004 burg, where they control all three particle accelerators for 15 years without problems, or in Antarctica, as the heart of an at - M3i-series 2009 mospheric measurement system of the Leibniz-Institute working precisely on its own for weeks and months in ice and snow. Also, in this year, the "Spectrum Systementwicklung M4i-series 2013 Microelectronic GmbH" changed its name to the internationally much more understandable "Spectrum Instrumentation GmbH". M2p-series 2018
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8 Spectrum's Philosophy Designed to Last At Spectrum we believe in long-term partnerships. If it is necessary to end a product line due to obsolete parts we help with the transition to successor products. Furthermore all products that have been released since 2000 are available for existing customers as long as we get the parts on the market. Support, updates, repairs and calibration is part of the long life cycle. Modularity Brings Flexibility Spectrum has a unique design philosophy. By using a modular design, platform boards are populated with different analog and digital daughter-boards as required to create a wide range of performance options – ensuring a perfect match against the required specifications of customers. This allows users to get exactly the specifications that they need without compromise, without delay, and without the price premium of a one-off custom product. Production and Pricing The modular approach enables Spectrum to mass-produce platform boards and daughter-boards. We then pass on the cost savings of this method to our customers, ensuring Spectrum is always competitively priced. It gives purchasers the advantages of a customized solution without a price premium – often more competitively priced than rivals’ standard products – all thanks to the benefits of mass-produced modular design. Rapid Time to Customer Spectrum’s modular design also enables products to be rapidly built to order and fully tested from stock boards so that customers receive their deliveries quickly. Wide Selection Choice To match as many applications as possible Spectrum offers the widest range and choice. Digitizers are available with sampling rates from as low as 5 MS/s to as high as 5 GS/s, allowing you to capture signals from the Hz to the GHz range. Models offer vertical resolution from 8 to 16 Bits and they’re optimized for dynamic performance to ensure the best possible accuracy and precision. Acquired signals can be stored in large on-board memories, processed using the latest FPGA technology, or transferred directly to other devices such as GPU cards and external storage devices via a variety of versatile readout modes. Similarly, our AWGs offer output rates from 40 MS/s up to 1.25 GS/s making them suitable for producing almost any wave shape with signal frequency content from DC to 400 MHz or as an option even up to 600 MHz. Customized Products If you can’t find the product you need in this catalog then let us know your mandatory specifications and we will be happy to investigate the possibility of making a customized product just for you! Perfect fit – modular designed solutions Support and Warranty Customer satisfaction is our highest priority so when you buy a Spectrum product we expect you will be pleased. All our products are designed and manufactured in Germany where we endeavor to attain the highest quality and reliability. The same philosophy applies to technical support. Our engineers are at your disposal. Need help on a software or hardware issue? Just send us a message to support@spec.de and our engineers will respond to you directly. You can have confidence that your message will be answered by the right specialist for the task. All the technical support from our engineers and partners is free, with no hidden charges. Spectrum products are covered by an industry leading five years warranty while software and driver updates are available to download free of charge from our website for the life-time of the product. In the unusual event that a repair is necessary our service department will assist you to make it happen as quickly and efficiently as possible. We will diagnose the problem and then help you to get the repair made in the fastest and most cost effective way. Spectrum also offers a complete calibration service. Calibration is performed with fully certified instruments ensuring traceability and specification confidence. All products are manufactured and tested to meet our rigid design standards and they are shipped with the CE mark to certify that they meet all the necessary requirements of the European CE directives.
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Table of Contents 9 Prefaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 4 History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 6 Spectrum’s Philosophy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 8 Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 10 PCIe Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 12 PXIe Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 13 Ethernet Platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 14 Digitizers Digitizers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 16 Features & Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 17 16 22xx Series – Ultra High-Speed 8 Bit Digitizers up to 5 GS/s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 18 44xx Series – High-Resolution High-Speed Digitizers up to 500 MS/s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 20 59xx Series – 16 Bit General Purpose Digitizers up to 125 MS/s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 22 Arbitrary Waveform Generators Arbitrary Waveform Generators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 24 Features & Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 25 24 66xx Series – 16 Bit High-Speed Arbitrary Waveform Generators up to 1.25 GS/s . . . . . . . . Page 26 65xx Series – NEW AWG SERIES 2019 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 28 Digital Data Acquisition Digital Data Acquisition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 30 30 77xx Series – 32 Channel Digital Waveform Acquisition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 31 PC Systems Turn-Key High-Performance Streaming Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 32 32 Multi-Card PC Systems and Docking Stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 33 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 33 Software Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 34 34 SCAPP GPU Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 37 SBench 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 38 10 Facts about Spectrum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 41 Publication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 42 Social Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 42 Imprint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Page 42
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10 Applications .......................................... ..... When it comes to applications where custom specific measurements are necessary, modular PC-based instru- mentation offers a host of advantages over conventional stand-alone testing devices. The approach allows you to take advantage of the latest developments in PC tech- nology: accessing the most powerful processors, fastest bus speeds, and state-of-the-art graphical tools. Further- Big Physical Experiments more, you have the unrivaled flexibility of creating your Distributed Ethernet Acquisition own application specific programs, selecting from an High Channel Density with Hundreds ever expanding array of shareware utilities, or utilizing a of Synchronous Channels wide variety of third party analysis products. Combination of Slow and Fast Channels Spectrum Instrumentation products are powerful and universal PC-based instruments that can be used in Communications nearly any application that needs an interface between 14 and 16 Bit Resolution the electrical analog world and PC-based data ana lysis, Time and Frequency Domain Analysis calculation, display and storage. The scalability of the Advanced Display Modes products covers anything from single channel OEM medical or ultrasound devices to multi-channel trans- mission and reception communication design. Intelligent designed synchronization structures allow to scale-up even to hundreds of synchronous fast channels. This page shows a number of common application areas where Spectrum products are found. Semiconductor Tests LXI, PCIe and PXIe Modules Optimized SNR and SFDR Fully Functional Front-End Circuitry Spectroscopy Ultrafast Data Transfer Automotive Large Acquisition Memories Acquisition and Replay of Analog and On-Board Signal Averaging Digital Signals Combination of Slow and Fast Channels Portable (DC Supply) Systems Aerospace High Sampling Rates and Resolution Data Streaming and Storage Ultrafast Data Transfer (>3.4 GB/s) Astronomy High Sampling Rates and Resolution Time and Frequency Domain Analysis Low-noise Front-End Circuitry Acoustics Low-Noise and High Resolution Very high SNR (> 90 dB) and SFDR (>105 dB) Hundreds of Synchronous Channels
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................................... .......... ..... 11 LIDAR Advanced Acquisition and Readout Modes Block Averaging Low-Noise, High SNR Medical Science (OCT) High Sampling Rates and Resolution Fast Trigger and Read-Out Rates External Clock Nanotechnology Low-Noise High Dynamic Range Acquisition Precision Signal Generation High Gain Amplification Laser 5 GS/s Sampling Rates and High Bandwidth Fast Trigger and Read-Out Rates On-Board Block Statistics (Peak Detection) Quantum Science Versatile Signal Generation High Speed Data Streaming SCAPP GPU Support ATE – Automatic Test Equipment LXI and PXIe Modules Acquisition and Generation LabVIEW, MATLAB and IVI Interface Ultrasound 14 and 16 Bit Resolution Segmented Memory with FIFO Readout Low Dead-Time Between Triggers (< 80 ns) Materials Science Flexible Front-End Signal Conditioning High Resolution Recording Fully Synchronous Multi-Channel Radar Acquisition 14 and 16 Bit Resolution Segmented Memory and FIFO Readout High Voltage Testing Acquisition and Generation Fully Buffered Front-End Circuitry (Continuous Radar Simulation) Single-Ended and Differential Inputs On-Board Block Statistics (Peak Detection)
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12 PCIe Platform PCI Express is the standard platform for all current PC-based systems and also for the future. Today’s state-of-the-art motherboards normally have a couple of PCI Express slots but only one or two PCI/PCI-X slots. The PCI Express bus is a point to point connection allowing full speed for every single slot. The Express bus is freely scaling and is available with 1 lane (x1), 4 lanes (x4), 8 lanes (x8) and 16 lanes (x16). For mechanical compatibility connectors may have more lanes than are connected to the motherboard. M4i PCI Express Platform M2p PCI Express Platform PCIe x8 Gen2 Interface PCIe x4 Gen1 Interface more than 3.0 GByte/s streaming rate more than 700 MByte/s streaming rate Star-Hub for internal synchronization up to 8 cards Star-Hub for internal synchronization up to 16 cards 3/4 length (243 mm) single-slot card ½ length (168 mm) single-slot PCIe card SMA and MMCX connections SMB and MMCX connections SCAPP option for CUDA-based calculations SCAPP option for CUDA-based calculations Advantages of the PCIe platform Universal bus system incorporated into millions of commercial and industrial systems world-wide Scalable PC platform from low-cost, low-end up to high-performance, multi-processor, multi-core Wide choice of components like ultra-low noise power supplies, additional interface cards or high-performance graphics cards Very fast backplane (PCIe lanes) – capable of very fast streaming to SSD arrays Direct interconnection with GPU for data processing possible (SCAPP option) Easy system extension via wide choice of PCIe extension components Outstanding Continuous Streaming Speed Digital Option The fast PCI Express interface of the Spectrum cards together with the optimized firmware and kernel driver allows a sustained acquisition streaming speed between card and PC. The on-board memory is completely used as a FIFO buffer to ensure the maximum throughput over a long time even with parallel PC activities. This outstanding streaming speed together with the intelligent memory segmentation modes fulfills even the most demanding application needs. The M4i series is using PCIe x8 Gen2 interface with more than 3 GByte/s reaching 3.4 GByte/s on selected motherboards. A gap free streaming of for example one channel 8 bit acquisition with 2.5 GS/s or four channels 14 bit acquisition 400 MS/s is easy to achie- ve. Using a SSD RAID 0 array with a dedicated RAID controller one can even store this amount of data continuously to disk array. Digital Option Digital Option The digital expansion module adds 16 additional, programmable digital I/O lines to the M2p card. These lines can acquire digital channels synchronously with the analog channels when used on a digitizer card and can be used as synchronous digital outputs (marker outputs) when used on an AWG card. Using the digital expansion module makes a mixed-mode device of any M2p-based digi tizer or arbitrary waveform generator. The expansion module is available with two different connection versions: either 16 SMB connectors with 10 of them directly located on the front plate or with a flat-ribbon 40-pole FX2 connector which is pin com- patible to all older digital expansion options of Spectrum.
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PXIe Platform 13 Option Synchronization Star-Hub Digital Option The Star-Hub is an additional module allowing the phase stable synchronization of up to 16 boards (M2p series) or up to 8 boards (M4i series). Independent of the number of boards there is no phase delay between all channels. The piggy-back modu- le distributes clock, trigger and control lines to all connected cards and can be ordered in two different mounting positions: as extension module, extending the master board without adding the need for an additional slot space; or as top mount module, keeping the board length the same but needing an additional slot space. All connected boards are running with the same clock and the same trigger. Each board is internally connected with a small cable of the same length, even the master board. That minimizes the clock skew between the different boards. The clock skew is down to 130 ps between any two cards, depending on the family used. On the M2p series the Star-Hub allows the synchronization of various cards when running with different sampling rates. This allows a mix of slow and fast sampling as well as the mixing of acquisition cards and generator cards in one system whilst still preserving the phase relation between the different channels Star-Hub for M4i family Star-Hub for M2p family PXI Express or PXIe is a subset of the PXI standard that replaces the parallel data bus of PXI with a high-speed serial interface. PXIe provides the most advantages for modular instruments like digitizers or arbitrary waveform generators which often need to M4x PXI Express Platform transfer large amounts of data. For example, state-of-the-art PXIe products from Spectrum incorporate a fast interface that PCIe x4 Gen2 Interface can stream at rates of up to 1.7 GByte/s. More than 1.5 GByte/s streaming rate 3U double-width card PXIe reference clock supported PXIe trigger bus and star trigger supported SMA and MMCX connections Advantages of the PXIe platform Industrial systems with robust connections Defined clock and trigger interconnection between the cards and the chassis Front-side card handles for easy exchange Defined air-stream for cooling Different chassis sizes from 4 slot up to 21 slot available Mix and match components from different vendors Outstanding Continuous Streaming Speed The optimized firmware and kernel driver of the Spectrum PXIe cards allows a sustained streaming speed between card and PC of more than 1.5 GByte/s, reaching 1.7 GByte/s on selected systems. The on-board memory of 4 GByte is completely used as a FIFO buffer.
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14 Ethernet Platform .................................................................... digitizerNETBOX generatorNETBOX The digitizerNETBOX / generatorNETBOX is a remote solution that is connected by Ethernet using the LXI standard. The device can be used as bench-top instrument directly connected to a laptop or desktop PC or as 19" instrument connected to the company LAN and accessible from anywhere. Complete portable instrument solution Connect directly to your PC or Laptop or anywhere in the company LAN BNC (< 125 MS/s) or SMA (> 125 MS/s) connectors SBench 6 Professional software license included 19“ and DC power supply options available Mobile or service Shared instrument on desktop Remote Instrument in a LAN DN2 Series Small and portable LXI/Ethernet Up to 16 analog channels with either device with up to 16 channels BNC or SMA connectors. Full analog interface with programmable ranges, termination and offset available Each LXI device from Spectrum offers several interconnections with other instruments. Be it trigger or clock input and output, universal I/O lines or a timestamp reference clock input. The handle, the stackable bumpers, the light weight of only 6 kg and the optional internal DC power supply make it possible to use the DN2 devices for mobile applications, service jobs or for mechanical inte- gration into custom systems. 19“ rack mount kit available as an option LXI eXtensions for Instrumentation The digitizerNETBOX / generatorNETBOX is a fully compliant LXI instrument that is able to show the status of the box along with the current acquisition / generation information. It offers an IVI compatible interface for the IVI digitizer, IVI scope and IVI FGen classes. LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation (LXI) is a standard developed by the LXI Consortium, an industry consortium that maintains the LXI specification, promotes the LXI Standard, and ensu- res inter operability. The LXI standard defines the communication protocols for instrumentation and data acquisition systems using Ethernet.
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........................................................................................... 15 SBench 6 – Powerful Data Acquisition and Analysis Software SB6 SBench 6 – The digitizerNETBOX / generator- NETBOX can be used with Spectrum’s powerful software SBench 6 – a Professional license for the software is already installed in the box. SBench 6 supports all of the stan- dard features of the instrument (see page 38 for more details). DN6 Series 19“ multi-channel LXI/Ethernet systems which can be used either as desktop or rack mount versions. Up to 48 channels Up to 48 analog channels with either BNC or SMA connectors. Full analog interface with programmable in a single chassis. ranges, termination and offset available Powerful cooling fans, a replaceable dust filter and the heavy, well-shielded metal chassis make the DN6 a reliable instrument for industry and research environments. Embedded Server Option This option turns the digitizerNETBOX / generatorNETBOX into a powerful PC that can run your own programs on a small and remote data acquisition system. The Ethernet device is enhanced by more memory, a powerful CPU, a freely accessible internal SSD and a remote software development access method. The enhanced instrument can either run connected to a LAN or it can run totally independently, storing data to the internal SSD. The original remote instrument functionality is fully maintained but running the embedded server option allows the pre-calculation of results inside the unit. Then you can choose to transfer just the information (data or calculated results) that’s required in a client-server based software structure. The embedded server option is ideal for surveillance/logger applications, which can run totally independently for days. When necessary, it can send notification emails or alerts over the LAN, or offload stored data as soon as it’s connected again.
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Digitizers A digitizer is an electronic acquisition device that acquires analog waveforms, processes them through analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and sends the digitized sample to a buffer, which allows them to be saved before being processed by a computer. Today’s modular digitizers share a common historical architecture augmented by new high speed serial interface standards such a PCI Express (PCIe) and PXI Express (PXIe). Synchronous Sampling All digitizers from Spectrum are built with a completely synchronous design. Every chan- nel has its own independent input amplifier as well as an independent A/D converter. All the input channel related settings can be individually programmed. Compared with standard products that use multiplex technology, where scanning of each channel is done one after the other with a single A/D converter, the more sophisticated design of the Spectrum products has a lot of advantages: Full sampling rate for all channels 16 No phase delay between the single channels Smallest crosstalk between adjacent channels due to individual input amplifiers Direct comparison of acquired values with no need for interpolation Digitizer Terms Selecting a digitizer requires matching the application needs to the digitizer specifications. The following is a glossary of common digitizer specifications and terms: Acquisition Memory Digital data from the ADCs is stored in a high speed buffer memory called the acquisition memory. The depth of the digitizers acquisition memory determines the length of a signal that may be stored in the buffer before it must be transferred for processing, display or saved. Longer memory also allows for a higher sampling rate over extended record times. Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) An analog-to-digital converter transforms an analog signal cap tured by a sampler into digital data that can be processed by a computer. Resolution The resolution of an ADC is specified by the number of bits used to re present the analog value, ideally giving 2N signal levels for an N-bit signal. Resolution is important for measuring large dynamic signals that contain small signal variations. Sampling Rate The sampling rate, or sample rate, of a digitizer is the frequency at which analog signals are converted to digital data by the analog- to-digital converter. Effective measurement requires the sample rate of a digitizer to be least twice the frequency of the highest signal frequency component. This is called the Nyquist rate. It is preferable to sample slightly higher than Nyquist. Bandwidth (-3 dB) Digitizer bandwidth represents the frequency range that can go through the input stage without significant loss of signal ampli tude. Bandwidth is typically measured as the frequency (in Hertz) where the signal amplitude falls to half the power (-3 dB) of the signal at a low frequency. Dynamic Range The digitizers dynamic range determines the maximum and minimum signal voltages that can be measured in one acquisition. A large dynami c range allows for the measurement of signals that contain both small and large voltage components at the same time. Dynamic range is rela t ed to the digitizers resolution. Memory Segmentation Fast, repetitive signals are stored on each trigger event as a single segment within the memory. This reduces the required transfer rate and saves memory. DIGITIZERS
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Features & Modes Memory Trig Transient Capture / Ring Buffer Mode The standard mode of the digitizer is the ring buffer mode. In this mode data is written into the buffer until a trigger event occurs. After the event additional posttrigger values are recorded enabling both pre- and posttrigger data to be acquired. It is also possible to read the acquired data directly after the trigger event, even while the acquisition is still running. FIFO FIFO Mode The FIFO mode is designed for continuous data transfer between the digitizer and the PC memory or hard disk. It uses the complete on-board memory as a real FIFO buffer, making the transfer extremely reliable. Data is transferred over the bus by the driver without the need for the user to make any spe cial setup. Spectrum products are designed to reach maximum continuous transfer speeds and can reach up to 3.4 GByte/s on a PCIe x8 Gen2 interface. Multiple Recording Multiple recording allows the acquisition of several trigger events without restarting the hardware. 17 The on-board memory is split into segments and for each trigger event one segment is recorded. The segment size and the pre- and posttrigger settings can be freely defined. The powerful combination of a small re-arming time and FIFO mode makes it easy to adapt to nearly every measurement task. Gated Sampling With Gated Sampling the acquisition is controlled by an external gate signal. Data is only acquired if the gate signal has reached a programmed level. Before and after each gate a programmable number of samples will be acquired in addition. Gated Sampling can be combined with timestamps for time-correct positioning of the gate segments and to determine the length of each acquired gate segment. ... ... ABA Mode / Dual Timebase The ABA mode is similar to Multiple Recording. However, between the segments additional samples are acquired with a slower sampling rate, e.g. for monitoring purposes. The ABA mode works like the combination of a data logger and transient recorder inside one instrument. Timestamp The Timestamp mode writes the time positions of the trigger events into an extra memory. The Timestamps are relative to the start of recording, to a defined zero time or externally synchronized to the seconds signal from a radio clock or a GPS receiver. With this mode acquisitions of systems in different locations may be set in a precise time relation. The Timestamp memory is designed as a FIFO buffer allowing the readout of Timestamps also in FIFO mode. Signal Processing Integrated Signal Processing All digitizers of 44xx and 22xx series including PCIe, LXI/Ethernet and PXIe versions can be extended by integrated signal processing functions. The Block Average Processing Module allows the accumulation and averaging of multiple repetitive signals. The function removes random noise from the signal, improving the signal-to-noise ratio and measurement resolution. Ultrafast triggering also ensures the dead-time between each acquisition is kept to a minimum. The Block Statistics Processing Module is a hardware-based data analysis and reduction function. Each acquisition block is scanned for minimum and maximum peaks and a summary including min, max, average, timestamps and peak position information is stored in memory. The 44xx series comes with the native Boxcar averaging mode that enhances the high-resolution digitizer and reduces signal noise. ...... DIGITIZERS
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22xx Series – Ultra High-Speed 8 Bit Digitizers up to 5 GS/s ............. One, two or four channel PCIe and PXIe card versions Two to 24 channel LXI/Ethernet versions 50 Ω high bandwidth front-end with 4 input ranges between ±200 mV and ±2.5 V Low voltage option: ±40 mV to ±500 mV Programmable input offset ±200 % 1 to 4 GSample memory per channel STAR-HUB Firmware options Block Average and Block Statistics This piggy-back module synchronizes up to 8 cards of the M4i.22xx-family. Top mount (TM) version with 2 slots available width or Extension (EX) version with 1 slots width and 3 multi-purpose I/O lines 312 mm length are available. 18 Ó test Dig itizer Fas t with 8 Bi 5 GS/s PCI Express Digitizer PXI Express Digitizer PCIe x8 Gen2 Interface PCIe x4 Gen2 Interface up to 3.4 GByte/s streaming rate up to 1.7 GByte/s streaming rate Star-Hub for internal synchronization up to 8 cards 3U double-width card 243 mm single-slot card PXIe reference clock supported SMA and MMCX connections PXIe trigger bus and star trigger supported SCAPP option for CUDA based calculations SMA and MMCX connections Sampling Rate Bandwidth Resolution 4 Channels 2 Channels 1 Channel 4 Channels 2 Channels 1.25 GS/s 500 MHz 8 Bit M4i.2212-x8 M4i.2211-x8 M4i.2210-x8 M4x.2212-x4 M4x.2211-x4 4 x 1.25 GS/s 2 x 1.25 GS/s 1 x 1.25 GS/s 4 x 1.25 GS/s 2 x 1.25 GS/s 2.5 GS/s 1.5 GHz 8 Bit M4i.2221-x8 M4i.2223-x8 M4i.2220-x8 M4x.2221-x4 2 x 2.5 GS/s 1 x 2.5 GS/s 1 x 2.5 GS/s 2 x 2.5 GS/s 2 x 1.25 GS/s 5 GS/s 1.5 GHz 8 Bit M4i.2234-x8 M4i.2233-x8 M4i.2230-x8 M4x.2234-x4 1 x 5 GS/s 1 x 5 GS/s 1 x 5 GS/s 1 x 5 GS/s 2 x 2.5 GS/s 2 x 2.5 GS/s 2 x 2.5 GS/s 4 x 1.25 GS/s 4 x 1.25 GS/s DIGITIZERS
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.............................................................................................. Technical Details Input Coupling AC/DC Input Impedance 50 Ω Input Ranges (Standard) ±200 mV, ±500 mV, ±1 V, ±2.5 V Input Ranges (Option) ±40 mV, ±100 mV, ±200 mV, ±500 mV Input Offset: ±200 % of input range, programmable in 1% steps 46.9 dB (1.25 GS/s) SNR (10 MHz signal) 45.6 dB (2.5 GS/s) 44.5 dB (5 GS/s) 7.5 (1.25 GS/s) ENOB (10 MHz signal) 7.3 (2.5 GS/s) 7.1 (5 GS/s) 0.2 LSB (1.25 GS/s) RMS Noise 0.3 LSB (2.5 GS/s) 0.3 LSB (5 GS/s) Trigger Modes Channel, External, Software, Window, Re-Arm, Delay, OR/AND Acquisition Modes Single-Shot, FIFO, Multiple Recording, Gated Sampling, ABA Mode, Block Average (Option),Block Statistics (Option), Stream to CUDA-GPU (Option, PCIe only) External Trigger 2 Inputs, programmable level ±10 V, 200 MHz 80 samples (1.25 GS/s) Re-Arming Time 160 samples (2.5 GS/s) 19 320 samples (5 GS/s) Clock Modes Internal, External Reference Sampling Clocks maximum sampling rate + divider: 1, 2, 4, 8, ... 262144 External Reference Clock 10 MHz to 1.25 GHz External Clock Type Single-ended, sine or square wave 0.3 V to 3.0 V peak-peak Multi-Purpose I/O Input: Synchronous Digital-In, Asynchronous Digital-In, Timestamp Reference ClockOutput: Asynchronous Digital-Out, Trigger Out, Status, PLL Reference Clock, System Clock digitizerNETBOX Mobile LXI / Ethernet digitizerNETBOX 19“ LXI/Ethernet digitizerNETBOX GBit Ethernet Interface GBit Ethernet Interface Remote Control Remote Control Up to 100 MByte/s streaming speed Up to 100 MByte/s streaming speed All connections SMA All connections SMA DC power supply option available Embedded Server option available Embedded Server option available 2 Channels 1 Channel 8 Channels 4 Channels 2 Channels 24 Channels 20 Channels 16 Channels 12 Channels M4x.2210-x4 DN2.221-08 DN2.221-04 DN2.221-02 DN6.221-24 DN6.221-20 DN6.221-16 DN6.221-12 1 x 1.25 GS/s 8 x 1.25 GS/s 4 x 1.25 GS/s 2 x 1.25 GS/s 24 x 1.25 GS/s 20 x 1.25 GS/s 16 x 1.25 GS/s 12 x 1.25 GS/s M4x.2223-x4 M4x.2220-x4 DN2.222-04 DN2.222-02 1 x 2.5 GS/s 1 x 2.5 GS/s 4 x 2.5 GS/s 2 x 2.5 GS/s 2 x 1.25 GS/s M4x.2233-x4 M4x.2230-x4 DN2.225-08 DN2.225-04 DN2.223-02 DN6.225-24 DN6.225-20 DN6.225-16 DN6.225-12 1 x 5 GS/s 1 x 5 GS/s 2 x 5 GS/s 1 x 5 GS/s 2 x 5 GS/s 6 x 5 GS/s 5 x 5 GS/s 4 x 5 GS/s 3 x 5 GS/s 2 x 2.5 GS/s 4 x 2.5 GS/s 2 x 2.5 GS/s 12 x 2.5 GS/s 10 x 2.5 GS/s 8 x 2.5 GS/s 6 x 2.5 GS/s 8 x 1.25 GS/s 4 x 1.25 GS/s 24 x 1.25 GS/s 20 x 1.25 GS/s 16 x 1.25 GS/s 12 x 1.25 GS/s Dual-Use listed products with the need of an export license when exporting outside Europe/US/Canada DIGITIZERS
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44xx Series – High-Resolution High-Speed Digitizers up to 500 MS/s ... One, two or four channel PCIe and PXIe card versions Two to 24 channel LXI/Ethernet versions 50 Ω / 1 MΩ front-end with 6 input ranges between ±200 mV and ±10 V Input ranges switchable between bipolar and unipolar 512 MSamples to 2 GSamples memory per channel Boxcar Average (high-resolution) mode to increase STAR-HUB resolution This piggy-back module synchronizes up to 8 cards of Firmware options Block Average and Block Statistics the M4i.44xx-family. Top mount (TM) version with 2 slots available width or Extension (EX) version with 1 slots width and 312 mm length are available. 3 multi-purpose I/O lines 20 Faste D sti g 1i 4ti z Be ir t 50 w0 itM hS /s PCI Express Digitizer PXI Express Digitizer PCIe x8 Gen2 Interface PCIe x4 Gen2 Interface up to 3.4 GByte/s streaming rate up to 1.7 GByte/s streaming rate Star-Hub for internal synchronization up to 8 cards 3U double-width card 243 mm single-slot card PXIe reference clock supported SMA and MMCX connections PXIe trigger bus and star trigger supported SCAPP option for CUDA-based calculations SMA and MMCX connections Sampling Rate Bandwidth Resolution 4 Channels 2 Channels 4 Channels 2 Channels 180 MS/s 125 MHz (HF) 16 Bit M4i.4471-x8 M4i.4470-x8 M4x.4471-x4 M4x.4470-x4 85 MHz (Buffered) 4 x 180 MS/s 2 x 180 MS/s 4 x 180 MS/s 2 x 180 MS/s 250 MS/s 125 MHz (HF) 16 Bit M4i.4421-x8 M4i.4420-x8 M4x.4421-x4 M4x.4420-x4 85 MHz (Buffered) 4 x 250 MS/s 2 x 250 MS/s 4 x 250 MS/s 2 x 250 MS/s 400 MS/s 250 MHz (HF) 14 Bit M4i.4481-x8 M4i.4480-x8 M4x.4481-x4 M4x.4480-x4 125 MHz (Buffered) 4 x 400 MS/s 2 x 400 MS/s 4 x 400 MS/s 2 x 400 MS/s 500 MS/s 250 MHz (HF) 14 Bit M4i.4451-x8 M4i.4450-x8 M4x.4451-x4 M4x.4450-x4 125 MHz (Buffered) 4 x 500 MS/s 2 x 500 MS/s 4 x 500 MS/s 2 x 500 MS/s DIGITIZERS Ó